Rebelled against the male-dominated system in the fashion industry and established its own empire; We wanted to remember you 5 world-famous women fashion designers who left their mark on fashion and inspired us with their world views as well as their designs.
Gabrielle Bonheur 'Coco' Chanel is the only fashion designer woman among the 100 most important people of the 20th century of Time magazine, who never compromises her own truths, rebellious, revolutionizing women's fashion. 'Coco', who made revolutionary designs by breaking traditions, got rid of corsets in the 1920s, She became the pioneer of the fashion trend that shows it as the key. In 1926; The phenomenon called "little black dress" made a piece. Coco Chanel dressed not only women but also Turkish soldiers. In the 1930s, Atatürk had the uniforms of the Turkish Armed Forces designed by Coco Chanel. The Turkish Army wore uniforms signed by Coco Chanel until the 1980s.
Elsa Luisa Maria Schiaparelli is one of the most creative designers of her time. She managed to immortalize her name by bringing a different and bold breath to the fashion world in the 1930s. Born in 1890 to an aristocratic family, Elsa Schiaparelli was too naughty and lazy to fit into her aristocratic family. However, Elsa was an unorthodox girl from a young age who was keen on reading and writing. So that Elsa started studying philosophy at the University of Rome at the age of nine, and two years later published her first book. However, this book did not make her family happy. They thought that Elsa's literacy time was over, and it was time to get married. After her family decided to marry her, Elsa ran away from her family and started babysitting in England. She married Kerlor, whom she met at a conference while escaping from marriage, and was abandoned while she was pregnant. However, meeting with her daughter's doctor's wife changed Elsa Schiaparelli's life. It is no longer possible to keep her down later on.
One of her designs that came out of her workshop that she opened in 1927 was illusionary sweaters. Her first design was published by French Vogue under the title of "an artistic masterpiece" of the year. When Elsa Schiaparelli's reputation reached America from Europe, she suddenly became one of the favorite names in Hollywood. Her designs have been used in more than thirty Hollywood movies such as "Moulin Rouge" and "Everyday". Elsa Schiaparelli continued to break new ground in the fashion world from now on. Backless swimwear, skirt-looking shorts, invisible bras, transparent zippered raincoats are a few of them.
Madaleine Vionnet is one of the revolutionary women of the fashion world known as the architect of fashion. Vionnet Fashion House, which she founded in Paris in 1912, is the fashion house where she broke grounds. Vionnet drape; It is the place where the Hellenistic dresses that we still enjoy wearing today are designed, where silk and crepes that are freed from corsets, cups and contours flow away. Madaleine Vionnet designed such comfortable and stylish clothes for women at that time that her forms and designs can still be used today.
Madaleine Vionnet not only revolutionized with its designs, but also broke grounds with the steps it took to free the restrictions imposed on women by society. In those times when there are no laws to increase the health and well-being of employees; Instead of the stools used by sewing women working in her workshop, she had armrests and backed seats built, a nursery for the children of his employees, appointed a permanent doctor in her workshop and started the period of paid leave.
Mary Quant is one of the fashion icons that set the trends of her time and the future. We know Mary Quant with her design in the 60s and called "mini skirt". Wearing a short skirt for that period required a lot of courage. Such that; Stores with mini skirts were stoned. This situation; It was seen as a chain trying to strike at women's freedom and was embraced by women as a reaction and message. The miniskirt had become more than just an outfit. Mary Quant has also pioneered fashion with her plastic boots, raincoats and hipster pants designs.
The last name on our list, Amelia Bloomer is not actually a designer, she is one of the women who took revolutionary steps in women's social status and made strides far beyond the period she lived in women's clothing style. Amelia Bloomer, the owner of a local women's magazine called Lily, published in her magazine the model and drawings of a dress with a waistband, with trousers reaching up to the ankles in her knee-length skirts, which she saw on her cousin. it helped spread the dress among women. In fact, 'shalwar' was used extensively in the Ottoman lands in the same years. The shalwar was a great comfort for women who were involved in life with their labor, riding horses and working in the fields. In fact, it was the first time that a woman wore trousers in Ottoman lands.
And let's finish our article with the words of Amelia Bloomer. ‘A woman's dress should be suitable for her wishes and needs. While contributing to the beauty and showiness of the person, it should also be appropriate in terms of health, comfort and usefulness, and keep aesthetics in the second place.’